Anthropopsychiatry: DNA of psychosis?

Poster A15, Thursday, October 20, 11:30 am - 1:00 pm, Le Baron

Marc Calmeyn1; 1Psychiatric Centre Olv Bruges, 2Chairman of the workgroup for behavioural sciences at the Post University Center of the Catholic University of Louvain campus Kortrijk, 3Chairman of the workgroup philosophy & psychiatry from the Flemish Association for Psychiatrists, 4expert of the Superior Health Council Brussels

1. Purpose The title is questioning modern psychiatric thinking. The DSM classification as its representative and derived from (neo-)Kraepelinian ancestors consider mental diseases from a nosology that’s medical and somatically in origin. Theory and treatment of psychosis ask for another concept more attuned to its psychopathology. 2. Materials and Methods Anthropopsychiatry - with its roots in classical psychiatry, psychoanalysis, phenomenology and structuralism - defines the field of psychiatry to those mental diseases that are typically human. Psychosis is one of them. A cornerstone of anthropopsychiatry is based on the Freudian metaphor of the ‘crystal principle’. As a matter of fact psychopathology – not normality - is revealing what is considered to be the ‘heart of the matter’ of our – problematic - existence as a human being. 3. Results Psychosis is the psychopathology par excellence to clarify this anthropopsychiatric thesis. Its psychopathology is the ‘body’ of evidence to understand the human ‘mind’. 4. Conclusion These theoretical and clinical findings are not in opposition with other actual conceptions about psychosis. On the contrary anthropopsychiatry can be seen as a possible framework and an Ockham’s razor to help clarify present-day discussions with reference to psychiatric nosography and nosology. In this way by ‘looking back, moving forward’ the discussion about the term ‘schizophrenia’ – can be elucidated by means of the concept ‘Kernpsychose’ introduced by Kretschmer. The concept ‘autistic schizophrenic triad’ as formulated by Parnas corroborates with this hypothesis.

Topic Area: Diagnosis and Phenomenology

Back to Poster Schedule